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What is the difference between ' unappreciated and underappreciated ' ?

 ‘unappreciated’ and ‘underappreciated’

Both have a negative connotation; they suggest that you are not happy or satisfied about something. When the work that you do remains ‘unappreciated’, what it suggests is that you feel that people around you do not value or appreciate what you have done. They fail to acknowledge or realise the value of the work. When your colleagues ‘underappreciate’ the work you do, what it suggests is that they do not value it enough. In this case, they do value your work, but at the back of your mind, you feel they do not give the credit that it is due. In your opinion, it could be appreciated or valued more.


If you ask me, Nandini is one of the underappreciated teachers in college.

No matter what you do or say, Ramani always feels unappreciated.


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What is the difference between ' frugal and stingy ' ?


Both words tell us something about the manner in which a person spends his money.
Of the two, ‘stingy' has a negative connotation.

A ‘stingy' individual is someone who has money, but is very reluctant to part with it. He is a miser; he doesn't like to spend money on himself or on others. He is reluctant to spend money on things are essential as well. Ebenezer Scrooge in Charles Dickens' classic ‘A Christmas Carol' was a stingy person.

A ‘frugal' person, on the other hand, is someone who is very careful in the way he handles money; he ensures that he does not waste any of it. The word comes from the Latin ‘frux' meaning ‘fruit' or ‘produce'. A ‘frugal' individual ensures that the fruits of his labour don't go to waste, but unlike a stingy person, he is willing to spend on things that are necessary. Frugal is a much more positive word than ‘stingy'. The word can also be used with food and clothes. When you say that you had a ‘frugal lunch', it means you had a simple lunch.


Anurag was too stingy to tip the waiter.

Ganesh has never been known to be frugal with his money.



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What is the meaning of  ' puffery ' ?


This is a word mostly used in American English to refer false praise.

Whenever a new product is launched, there is usually hype around the event. In order to promote the product, people praise it to the skies — often, making it sound like it is the best thing since sliced bread!


This hype or exaggerated praise that is often resorted to by advertisers and those in the public relations profession is called ‘puffery’. In informal contexts, the British refer to it as ‘puff’.

Don’t believe a word Manoj says. It’s just marketing puffery.

Tell it like it is. There should be no puffery in the ad.

Some people drop the ‘e’ and pronounce the word ‘PUFF-ri’. Otherwise, the word is pronounced ‘PUFF-e-ri’.


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What is the meaning of  ' sit below the salt ' ?

This rather old-fashioned expression is used to refer to a person of very low status. An individual who ‘sits below the salt' has little or no social standing; others generally look down upon him.
1.As several prominent cricket players turned up for the function, the hockey players sat below the salt.
2.At the dinner party, Gangu sat below the salt with the likes of me.
This is an expression that has been around for over four hundred years.
In the past, when guests were invited to dinner, a relatively large salt shaker was placed in the middle of the long dining table. The most important people among the guests were always seated next to the host. These individuals who were seated at the host's end of the table were considered to be ‘above the salt' – in other words, they were people of very high social standing.

Guests who were of a lower rank, sat at the lower end of the table; they sat ‘below the salt'.


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What is the meaning of  'to go rogue' ?
 ‘to go rogue’

The word can be used in everyday contexts to show disapproval and approval. When you call someone a ‘rogue’, you are suggesting that he is a dishonest person, someone who cannot be trusted, and is perhaps dangerous. The word can be used with things as well.
The American media, for example, frequently refer to North Korea as a ‘rogue nation’. It can also be used as a term of endearment — someone whom you find appealing, but whose behaviour or actions you do not approve of. The expression ‘to go rogue’ is mostly used in the context of politics to show disapproval. When a politician goes rogue, he does his own thing; he becomes unpredictable in his behaviour and often stops following the orders of the party high command. As far as the other members of the party are concerned, he is dangerous. When an animal or a country goes rogue, it behaves in a dangerous fashion.

Several MPs went rogue and voted against the proposed bill.

According to scholars, the expression was first used to refer to a solitary elephant — one that was no longer part of a herd — that had become rather violent and destructive.


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What is the meaning of ' turn a Nelson's eye ' ?

 ‘turn a Nelson's eye'?
The expression has been around for several hundred years, and it has the same meaning as ‘turn a blind eye' to something. When you turn a blind eye to a problem, you choose to deliberately ignore it; you pretend the problem does not exist.


How can Kamal Nath turn a Nelson's eye to the rampant corruption in his department?

The Vice-Chancellor turned a Nelson's eye to the drug problem on campus.


The Nelson in the expression refers to Horatio Nelson, the inspirational British naval officer who was blind in one eye. In 1801, at Copenhagen, Nelson led the main attack against a fleet of Dutch and Norwegian ships. During the height of battle, Nelson's superior officer, Admiral Hyde Parker, signalled him to withdraw. When Nelson's men saw the signal, they informed him of it. Nelson then took out his telescope and looked through it using his blind eye. He is believed to have said, “I have only one eye, and I have the right to be blind sometimes. I really do not see the signal.” Nelson ordered his men to continue fighting, and a few hours later, after a hard fought battle, he emerged victorious.


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What is the meaning of ' a fig leaf ' ?

According to the Bible, when Adam and Eve tasted the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge, they became aware that they were naked. In order to hide their nudity, they used fig leaves to cover themselves.
Nowadays, the expression ‘a fig leaf’ is used figuratively to mean something that is used to conceal a problem, difficulty or embarrassment.

Voluntary retirement is just a fig leaf. The man is actually being fired.


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What is the difference between of ' skulking and sulking ' ?

When you ‘sulk’, you are unhappy about something, and as a result, do not interact with those around you. You make it clear to everyone that you are unhappy; you sit in one corner of the room, and mope. One can be ‘in a sulk’ or one can have a ‘case of the sulks’.

What’s wrong with Meera? She’s been sulking all morning.

Don’t go anywhere near Swami. He’s got a serious case of the sulks.

The word ‘skulk’ comes from the Norwegian ‘skulke’ meaning ‘to shirk or malinger’. In British English, the word is used to refer to someone who pretends to be unwell in order to avoid doing work. It can also be used to mean to lie in wait for someone or move about in a stealthy manner. People usually skulk when they intend to harm another person.

Get on with the job. I know you are just skulking.
The girls panicked when they spotted three men skulking behind the building.


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What is the meaning of ' walk the talk ' ?
When you tell someone to ‘walk the talk’, you are asking him to do what he has said he would do. In other words, you want the individual to stop talking about what he intends to do, and just do it.Politicians often talk about how they are going to put an end to corruption; they seldom follow up on the matter — they do not walk the talk. Other expressions that have more or less the same meaning are ‘to put your money where your mouth is’ and ‘action speaks louder than words’.
Ex. You’ve been telling all my friends that you will beat me in straight sets. Now walk the talk.


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What is the meaning of 'maelstrom' ?

One simple way of pronouncing the word is ‘MALE-strem’ with the stress on the first syllable.
It comes from the Dutch ‘maelstrom’ meaning, ‘grinding stream’. When the word was borrowed into English, it was used to refer to a whirlpool. Over a period of time, maelstrom acquired a figurative meaning; nowadays, it is mostly used to refer to any situation where there is a lot of confusion or commotion — in terms of the activities, emotions, and so on. The situation is similar to one where a ship or a person is being sucked into a whirlpool.

Anurag was late because he got caught in the maelstrom of early morning traffic.

Dilip’s face remained wooden, but inside he was experiencing a maelstrom of emotions.

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What is the meaning of ' la-la land'?

"la–la land"
“La-la land is an expression used in informal contexts in American English. When you say that someone is in ‘la-la land’, you mean that the person has no clue what is going on around him. He is out of touch with reality.”“Like some of our politicians, I guess! 
If you think that cricket is still a gentleman’s game, you’re living in la-la land.”

It’s difficult to talk to Rahul. Most of the time he’s off in la-la land.”


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What is the meaning of  'turn turtle' ? 

A turtle is a reptile like a tortoise; it has a very hard shell to protect it from its enemies and from the elements. The expression ‘turn turtle' was first used by sailors with reference to a ship or a boat. When a ship or a boat capsized, it was said to have turned turtle. Nowadays, the expression is used with all modes of transportation, not just ships and boats. Cars, trucks, and buses can turn turtle as well. Anything that flips over or turns upside down is said to have ‘turned turtle'.
*Several boats turned turtle during the violent storm.
*Raj was killed when his car hit the divider and turned turtle.

According to one theory, when British sailors visited the Caribbean islands, they found that the natives caught huge sea turtles quite easily by turning them upside down. Once a turtle was on its back, it was totally helpless — just like the crew of a ship that has capsized. This explains why another meaning of the idiom is ‘vulnerable'.


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What is the meaning of  'regift' /
We often receive gifts on our birthday that we do not particularly like or care for. Sometimes, two people give us the same gift. What do we do with them? Some people throw these gifts into their cupboards and forget all about them. The smart ones gift them to their friends or members of their family on their birthdays. This act of passing on a gift that you have received to someone else is called ‘regifting’. The friend/family member does not realise that you are merely getting rid of a gift that you do not like. The American comedy show, ‘Seinfeld’, was instrumental in popularising this word. ‘Regift’ can be used both as a noun and a verb. A person who regifts frequently is called a ‘regifter’.
1.Ashok was honest about it. He told me that the pen was a regift.
2.Anurag is planning to regift the ugly painting he got from Seema.


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January 20 : 13